Southern European state belonging to the European Economic Community, south of the Balkan peninsula. Besides a mainland, it is comprised by the Ionian islands, the island of Crete and the majority of the Aegean islands. It shares borders with Albania, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria in the north, European Turkey and the Aegean Sea in the east, the Mediterranean in the south and the Ionian Sea in the west.
The coast of Greece has many coves and capes and in spite of being the smallest of the southern peninsulas of Europe, it has the most developed coastline. The entire geographical area of Greece is characterised by the diversity of forms. On the one hand the high mountains and mountain ranges such as Pindus and Olympos - the highest peak of Greece of 2917 meters and on the other hand the mountains of Macedonia and Thrace. The high fragmentation of the coastline is what gives Greece its unusual beauty and makes it stand out from the rest of the Mediterranean. The deepest point in the Mediterranean is in the Well of Inuses, near Cape Taenarum in the Peloponnese with 4850 metres depth.
The peninsula of Greece consists of mainland Greece (Attica, Peloponnese, Sterea, Epirus, Macedonia and Thrace) and the islands of the Aegean and Ionian seas.
Official name: Hellenic Republic
Common name: Greece or Hellas
Capital: Athens (Athina in Greek)
Form of Government in Greece: Greece is a parliamentary republic, monarchy was rejected by referendum on December 8, 1974.
Area: Total area of 131.940 sq km - Greece has over 3,000 islands and islets, of which only 166 are inhabited.
Population: Total population of 10,538,594.
Religion: Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%
Geographic coordinates: 39 00 N, 22 º 00 'East
Land borders of Greece: A total of 1,210 km of bordering countries. Albania 282 km, Bulgaria 494 km, Turkey 206 km, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 228 km
Costal Line: Greece has a total of 13.676 km.
Weather in Greece: Mild and humid winters, hot and dry summers. Greece enjoys a warm Mediterranean climate. In the summer the days are long and temperatures are high; at the end of the day there can often be a refreshing breeze, especially in coastal areas and in the north. In Athens summer days can reach 42 º C. Winters are mild in the south and colder in the north.
Primary Industry: Tourism, food processing, tobacco, textiles, chemicals, metal products and minerals.
Major agricultural products: Predominantly wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, olives, olive oil, tomatoes, wine, tobacco, potatoes, variety of fruits, meats, dairy products.
Major Natural Resources: Bauxite, lignite, magnesite and marble.
Holidays in 2013: January 01, March 16, March 25, May 01, May 03, May 06, August 15, December 25, December 26.